Food insecurity, chronic disease, and quality of life among deaf adults who use American Sign Language

Summary (Abstract)

This study examined the relationships of food insecurity, chronic diseases, and QoL in a U.S. sample of 630 deaf adults (18 to 89 years old; 55% female) who used American Sign Language (ASL). Measures of USDA Food Security Module, self-reported diagnoses of chronic diseases, and QoL were administered in ASL and English. Approximately 22% reported facing food insecurity, with low food security (11%) and very low food security (11.4%). QoL, but not the presence of chronic diseases, was significantly associated with food insecurity. Higher income and absence of depression acted as protective factors, reducing the risk for food insecurity.

Video Transcript
[TRANSCRIPT: Black background with white letters: Food Insecurity, Chronic Disease and Quality of Life among Deaf Adults Who use American Sign Language White letters: Engleman, A., Kushalnagar, P. (2019) Food Insecurity, Chronic Disease and Quality of Life among Deaf Adults Who use American Sign Language. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition. DOI: 10.1080/19320248.2019.1699220 On the upper center, there is a black, blue and orange circle logo with three people lined up vertically. White letters after the logo say: DEAF HEALTH COMMUNICATION AND QUALITY OF LIFE CENTER. Next scene: A White woman with orange colored hair is wearing a black shirt with blue background On the bottom left, there is a black, blue and orange circle logo with three people lined up vertically. White letters after the logo says: DEAF HEALTH COMMUNICATION and QUALITY OF LIFE CENTER. This logo will stay visible for the entire duration of the video. Picture of the journal article appears on the right of Dr. Engelman then disappears. DR. ENGELMAN: “The Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition recently published a paper analyzing data on food insecurity, chronic disease (i.e. diabetes), and quality of life among deaf adults who use American Sign Language (ASL).” White text appears, text says “1. Food Insecurity” below the previous text a white text appears, text says “2. Chronic Disease” below both previous texts a white text appears, text says “3. Quality of Life” All three texts disappear. DR. ENGELMAN: “We analyzed data gathered from the HINTS-ASL survey in 2017. A total of 630 deaf adults in the United States took part in the survey.” White text appears next to Dr. Engelman, text says “630 DEAF ADULTS PARTICIPATED”. Texts disappear. DR. ENGELMAN: “Results showed approximately 22% reported facing low food security and are often hungry.” White text appears next to Dr. Engelman, text says “22% HAVE LOW FOOD SECURITY AND ARE OFTEN HUNGRY” Texts disappear. DR. ENGELMAN: “Quality of life was significantly associated with food security.” White text appears next to Dr. Engelman, text says “QUALITY OF LIFE”. Red stamp text says “GOOD” with a border that appears at the top of “QUALITY OF LIFE” text. On the right white text “= FOOD SECURE” appears. Green check is marked on top of text “FOOD SECURE”. Texts and figures fade out. DR. ENGELMAN: “Higher income and absence of depression are more likely to result in being food secure.” Dollar symbol with an up arrow to the right of the dollar symbol appears. White plus symbol appears next to the dollar and arrow symbol. Yellow smiley face appears next to the plus symbol. White equal symbol with white text “FOOD SECURE” appears then green check mark appears on upper right of the “FOOD SECURE” text. Texts and figures fade out. DR. ENGELMAN: “Why is this important? This analysis of the link between quality of life and food insecurity can help service providers such as doctors, food banks, and nutritionists provide better food service.” White text on right of Dr. Engelman appears vertically “DOCTORS” then “FOOD BANKS” then “NUTRITIONISTS” Texts disappears Dr. Engelman moves to the right of the screen. DR. ENGELMAN: “1 out of 5 deaf adults experience food insecurity and are often hungry. This is really challenging for the Deaf community.” Four white person cliparts and one orange person clipart appears left of Dr. Engelman with white texts below the cliparts. Text says “1 OUT OF 5 DEAF ADULTS” with another line of text “FOOD SECURE” below. White “FOOD SECURE” text is crossed out with a red colored “X”. Texts and figures fade out. Dr. Engelman moves to the center. DR. ENGELMAN: “This food insecurity prevalence is a call to action for medical and public health professionals and policy makers to include deaf and hard-of-hearing people and people with disabilities in national conversations addressing the root causes of increasing food insecurity in the U.S.” Next scene: Film Director: Gideon Firl, B.A. Film Editor: Dimitri Foreman, B.A. Narrator: Alina Engelman, DrPH, MPH Grant Acknowledgement: This project was made possible with funding from the National Institutes of Health (#R01DC014463 awarded to Poorna Kushalnagar, Ph.D.) Tan colored Gallaudet symbol with blue text saying “GALLAUDET UNIVERSITY"]

Author(s)

Engelman, A. & Kushalnagar, P.

Publication Date

2019

Journal

Journal of Environmental Hunger and Food Security

Volume

Issue

DOI

10.1080/19320248.2019.1699220