School Placement and Perceived Quality of Life in Youth who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Summary (Abstract)

In the education of students who are deaf and hard of hearing (DHH), there is much debate about how placement affects educational outcomes and quality of life. This study examined the relationship between quality of life and educational placement that include and do not include other DHH youth. Participants included 221 DHH youth, ages 11–18 with bilateral hearing loss. Results showed that there were few differences in quality of life related to school placement (with age, gender, depression symptoms, and hearing level as covariates). For both participation and perceived stigma, there was an interaction between school placement and parent hearing status, with no single school placement showing the best results. DHH youth with hearing parents in schools specifically for DHH students scored lower than DHH with deaf parents in some domains (Participation and Perceived Stigma). When the DHH youth were compared with the general population, those in schools that included DHH students scored lower in some aspects of quality of life, particularly Self and Relationships. This study demonstrates that DHH students may not differ much in terms of quality of life across schools placements, but that there may be differences in subsets of DHH youth.

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Author(s)

Schick, B., Skalicky, A., Edwards, T., Kushalnagar, P., Topolski, TD., & Patrick, DL

Publication Date

2012

Journal

Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Volume

18

Issue

1

DOI

10.1093/deafed/ens039